|A Brief Description||Definitions||The Depletion Region||Varying VA||Diode Currents|
|The Equation||Derivations from the Ideal||Let's Draw!||Related Topics|
As soon as you connect a p-type region with an n-type region, carriers will begin diffusing from regions of high concentration to regions of lower concentration. That is, holes from the p region will diffuse to the n region, where there aren't as many holes, and electrons from the n region will diffuse to the p region where there aren't as many electrons. As they leave, they leave behind the ionized impurities (dopants) that created them. This migration of majority carriers stops when the electric field created by the ionized impurities causes carriers to drift back at the same rate as they diffulse away.
The space charge region is the region around the metallurgical junction where all the ionized acceptors and donors were uncovered and remain. The number of ionized acceptors on the p-side equals the number of ionized donors on the n-side. When we look at the depletion region like this, we ae using the depletion approximation and we are assuming that the carrier concentrations (n or p) are negligible compared to the net doping concentration (ND or NA). We are also assuming that the charge density is zero outside the space depletion region (see definitions).
For a more visual explanation, take a look at the demo
of a pn junction. You will need shockwave
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run properly in the Vectras using Internet Explorer, but it will not run
on the Suns. Use the "full screen" option for better viewing.
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